The history of Android: The evolution of the largest mobile OS in the world
Sometimes it feels like we've been operating Google's mobile OS on our Android gadgets forever. However, it's definitely been just over a decade since the first legitimate Android phone hit store shelves. The key resolution in Android records was Google's commitment to make Android an open-source operating system. That allowed it to become highly familiar with third-party phone makers. Just many years after the launch of Android 1.0, smartphones powered by the hot OS were all over the world.12 years later, we are celebrating the launch of Android 11. The OS has become the foremost prevalent mobile working system on the earth, defeating its many rivals like Symbian, BlackBerry, Palm OS, webOS, and Windows Phone. Apple's iOS is the one platform still status as a major competitor to Android, and that condition does not look like it is going to change each time soon.Let's take a look at the history of Android OS.Read more: Every Android Easter egg and how find it
The founding of Android
discovered in a 2013 speech in Tokyo that Android OS was in the beginning meant to enhance the operating methods of electronic cameras. But even back then, the marketplace for stand-alone digital cameras was declining. Just a few months later, Android Inc determined to shift gears towards using the OS inside mobile phones.Google bought Android in 2005 and every little thing modified.In 2005, the next big chapter in Android's history began when the common company was acquired by Google.Rubin and other founding contributors stayed on to continue developing the OS under their new owners. The decision was made to use Linux as the basis for the Android OS. That meant that the working system may be provided to third-party cell phone manufacturers at no cost. Google and the Android team felt the agency can make money providing other services that used the OS, including apps.Rubin stayed at Google as head of the Android team until 2013, when the Mountain View company announced he would be leaving the department. In late 2014, Rubin left Google altogether and launched a startup industrial incubator before at last returning to the smartphone commercial with the ill-fated Essential in 2017.
The Android logo
was quoted as saying, "Today's declaration is more bold than any single ‘Google Phone' that the click has been speculating about over the last few weeks. Our vision is that the efficient platform we're unveiling will power thousands of different phone models. "
The public beta of Android edition 1. 0 launched for developers on Nov.5, 2007.T-Mobile G1, also known as the HTC Dream in other parts of the area. It went on sale in the US in October of that year.The phone, with its pop-up 3. 2-inch touchscreen combined with a QWERTY actual keyboard wasn't precisely a design marvel. Indeed, the T-Mobile G1 got pretty bad reviews from generation media shops. The device didn't actually have a traditional 3. 5mm headphone jack which, unlike today, was well-nigh a de facto phone feature among Android's competitors.However, the Android 1.0 OS inside already had the logos of Google's plan for the OS. It built-in a couple of the company's other items and services, adding Google Maps, YouTube, and an HTML browser (pre-Chrome) that, needless to say, used Google's search services. It also had the first version of Android Market, the app store that Google proudly stated would have, "dozens of unique, first-of-a-kind Android purposes. " All of those aspects sound pretty primitive now, but this was just the starting of Android's rise in the mobile device market.5 Cupcake
Keith BellvayThe first official public codename for Android didn't appear until edition 1. 5 Cupcake was published in April 2009. The credit for naming Android versions after sweet candy and cakes has traditionally gone to its project manager at Google, Ryan Gibson.However, his precise reasons for using such a naming convention remain unknown.Cupcake added a number of new elements and enhancements in contrast to the 1st two public models. This contains things that we now take as a right, equivalent to the means to upload videos to YouTube, a way for phones' shows to instantly rotate, and support for third-party keyboards.Some of the phones that were released with Cupcake put in out of the box included the first Samsung Galaxy phone, together with the HTC Hero.the Nexus One — introduced with Android 2. 1 out of the box in advance in 2010, but effortlessly bought an over-the-air update to Froyo later that year. This marked a new strategy for Google, with the company working closer than ever before with hardware company HTC to showcase pure Android.Evan RapoportReleased in the fall of 2015, Android 6. 0 Marshmallow used the sweet treat favored by campers as its main symbol. Internally, Google used "Macadamia Nut Cookie" for Android 6. 0 before the reliable Marshmallow declaration.It covered elements comparable to a new vertically scrolling app drawer, along with Google Now on Tap, native support for fingerprint biometric unlocking, USB Type-C support, the advent of Android Pay (now Google Pay), and a lot more.The first instruments that shipped with Marshmallow pre-installed were Google's Nexus 6P and Nexus 5X smartphones, at the side of its Pixel C tablet.Pixel and Pixel XL, in conjunction with the LG V20, were the first to be released with Nougat pre-put in.Google's own Pixel 2 phones.0 Pie
Essential Phone at an analogous time.major refresh of the Android brand. That blanketed a new logo and, more importantly, the choice to ditch the basic dessert name for a higher version. As a result, Android Q is officially known just as Android 10. It was officially introduced on September 3, 2019, for Google's Pixel instruments.As usual with any new Android unlock, Android 10 had a couple of new elements and enhancements, in addition to a few new APIs.That blanketed assist for the frenzy of then-upcoming foldable phones. Android 10 also introduced a system-wide dark mode, along with new gesture-navigation controls, a more efficient sharing menu, smart reply aspects for all messaging apps, and more manage over app-based permissions.Joe Hindy / Android Authority
On February 18, Google launched the first Developer Preview for Android 11. After a number of more public betas were released, the general edition of Android 11 was launched on September 8, 2020.
Android 11 has arrived with plenty of new elements. That comprises a new Conversations notification category where all of your chats from loads of apps are gathered in one place. You also have the opportunity to avoid wasting every notification that has gave the impression for your phone ago 24 hours. A fresh feature permits you to record your phone's screen, complete with audio, with out needing 0,33-party app. There's also a new component of Android 11 dedicated to controlling smart home contraptions.Read more: The best Android 11 elements you need to know
Pixel phones, nevertheless it, have become an Android 11 unique characteristic.It uses AI and laptop studying to manage which apps appear for your phone's dock.Google fixed its traditional statue to have fun Android 11's launch, but it also released an AR edition of the statue for all Android ARCore phones. It even has a couple of Easter Eggs, including a recipe for making red velvet cake. That also happens to be the internal codename for the OS at Google.Android has come a long way since its humble beginnings as the made of a small start-up. Today, it is the most suitable mobile operating system around the globe with around 75% market share.
The Mountain View agency is still extremely dedicated to furthering the advancement of Android, though there are signs its long-term plans could extend extra afield.Android maintains to go from power to strength, but there are demanding situations ahead.Google has been working for the previous couple of years on stages of an all-new OS called Fuchsia that may help everything from smartphones to capsules, and even notebook and computer PCs. In 2019, Google launched a development board site for Fuchsia. However, we are still a great deal in the dead of night about Google's plans for this OS.It is still to be seen if Fuchsia will ever hit the mainstream or be resigned to the Google Graveyard along such a lot of other projects.In the interim, Android continues to go from power to power — though there are demanding situations on the horizon.David Imel / Android Authority
Android's chequered records with update rollouts has more desirable thanks to initiatives like Project Treble and Project Mainline, but fragmentation continues to be a concern. Likewise, while agencies like Samsung and OnePlus have committed to providing three years of OS upgrades and security updates for many in their phones, there are many OEMs that still end assist at two years or even just 365 days.
Google's flagbearer for Android — the Google Pixel series — maintains to divide critics and patrons, but the real worry is the increasingly experimental form elements from other phone makers — form elements that stretch the barriers of Android's existing functions. Foldable phones and dual-screen phones can be a nascent class with luxury price tags and niche appeal, but they have already uncovered the weaknesses of Android as an OS for larger screen sizes.While it may soon wish to adapt again to this new wave of hardware design, it might seem most economical to predict that Android will continue to dominate the mobile OS market. The OS is being put in on phones which are sold for less than $100, all the way to costly flagship gadgets that cost well over $1,000. That flexibility, mixed with yearly updates, should ensure Android will remain the leader during this industry for years to return.